英语语言学

出自普特英语维基
跳转到: 导航, 搜索

英语语言学

“英语语言学”课程是英语语言文学专业培养计划中的一门基础必修课,其重要性不言而喻。该课程的目标包括系统传授现代语言学知识、提高学生英语学习能力、激发学生对从事语言研究的兴趣,培养学生的创新能力等。

“英语语言学”课程由三个知识模块组成:理论启蒙、基础理论、研究方法。理论启蒙模块内容涉及英语的词汇知识、语音知识、语法知识、修辞知识、语体知识、英语变体、英语学习策略等。基础理论模块由“英语语言学概论”执行,内容涉及语言的各种属性、语言学的学科知识、语音学、形态学、句法学、语义学、语用学、社会语言学、语言与心理、语言与文化、语言习得等。研究方法模块通过介绍语言学研究的设计与分析方法,帮助学生掌握从事语言研究的本领,并直接与本科毕业论文的写作挂钩

本课程的重点包括:1、语言学基础理论和概念;2、语言研究能力的培养。

本课程的难点包括:1、抽象概念的讲解;2、理论的具体应用。

采取的解决方法包括:积极探索教学手段和方法的革新,尝试运用研究性教学的教学路线,注重理论联系实际,充分运用互联网和现代教育技术,编写课程电子教案,实施课程网络化,拓展课程教学资源,最终实现课程趣味性、系统性、自主性、先进性和科学性的有机结合。

1/ What is linguistics? 什么是语言学?

Linguistics is generally defined as the scientific study of language. It studies not any particular language, but languages in general.

2/ The scope of linguistics

语言学的研究范畴

The study of language as a whole is often called general linguistics. (普通语言学)

The study of sounds, which are used in linguistic communication, is called phonetics. (语音学)

The study of how sounds are put together and used in communication is called phonology. (音系学)

The study of the way in which morphemes are arranged to form words are called morphology. (形态学)

The study of how morphemes and words are combined to form sentences is called syntax. (句法学)

The study of meaning in language is called semantics. (语义学)

The study of meaning in context of use is called pragmatics. (语用学)

The study of language with reference to society is called socio-linguistics. (社会语言学)

The study of language with reference to the working of mind is called psycho-linguistics. (心理语言学)

The study of applications (as the recovery of speech ability) is generally known as applied linguistics. (应用语言学) But in a narrow sense, applied linguistics refers to the application of linguistic principles and theories to language teaching and learning, especially the teaching of foreign and second language.

Other related branches include anthropological linguistics, (人类语言学) neurological linguistics, (神经语言学) mathematical linguistics, (数字语言学)and computational linguistics. (计算机语言学)

个人工具
名字空间
变换
动作
导航
工具箱